Our sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, fungi, and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, including:

  • Chlamydia
  • Genital Herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • VIH / PAGE
  • HPV
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more serious in women. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can cause serious health problems for the baby.

Generally, these infections cause symptoms that affect the genital organs such as pain, redness, small wounds, discharge, swelling, difficulty urinating or pain during intimate contact. But to identify the correct disease, it is essential to go to the gynecologist or urologist to perform the necessary tests.

+ Frequently asked questions about sexually transmitted diseases

How can STDs be prevented?

The correct use of condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of acquiring and becoming infected with STDs. Although condoms are highly effective (when used correctly) to reduce the transmission of some sexually transmitted diseases, no method is infallible.

What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections?

The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are not always obvious. Some STIs are easy to treat and cure, others require a more complicated treatment to control them.

It is essential to undergo an evaluation and, if an STD is diagnosed, be treated. It is also essential to inform your partner or partners so they can be evaluated and treated.

Many sexually transmitted infections have no signs or symptoms, but some of the symptoms that may develop are:

  • Painful urination
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Vaginal discharge 
  • Penis secretion 
  • Pain during sex 
  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Testicular pain 

¿What treatment should I follow if I have an STD?

If you suspect that you have a sexually transmitted infection, or if you think you may have been exposed to one, visit the doctor for analysis. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent or delay the most serious health problems that can be life-threatening and to prevent you from infecting others.

Antibiotics can treat STDs caused by bacteria, fungi or parasites. There is no cure for STDs caused by a virus, but medications can help with symptoms and keep the disease under control.

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